PhD Research Project: Microfluidic investigation of dynamical surfactant rearrangement at the water
The transport of complex fluids and multiphase flows such as colloidal suspensions, polymers or emulsions is a common feature of natural as well as industrial processes at all length scales. By exploiting laminar flow conditions typical of microfluidics, it is possible to achieve precise control over a range of flow characteristics. One major benefit of microfluidic is the possibility to investigate the formation of emulsions by studying the dynamic of formation of each single droplet. In particular, during droplet formation a new interface is formed rapidly. The stability of the emulsion is guaranteed by the presence of surfactants. Depending on the relative size and affinity with the system, the surfactant molecules can migrate towards the new interface faster or slower that the speed at which the interface itself is created [Kovalchuk, Nowak, Simmons, Langmuir, 32(20):5069-77, 2016], although no microscopic study have been performed so far. The investigation of this phenomenon is fascinating and the implications are extremely interesting and important for both industrial and fundamental science reasons.
One of the expected outputs of this PhD project will be the experimental study of the formation of a single droplet in a two-phase system (either water in oil or oil in water) in the presence of different surfactants by means of advanced optical techniques. In particular, we will design and realize different microfluidic devices, and we will extensively use optical microscopy and fast camera recordings (up to 50,000 frames per second) in order to evaluate differences in the behaviour of the interface between dispersed and continuous phase. The velocity field will be analysed with an innovative technique called Ghost Particle Velocimetry [Buzzaccaro et al., Phys. Rev. Lett., 111, 2013; Pirbodaghi, Vigolo et al., Lab Chip, 15, 2015]
It will also be required to perform a fundamental study on the generation of emulsions in microfluidic and the computational modelling of the fluid dynamic of the single droplet formation inside the microfluidic device.
Eligibility requirements: The project is intrinsically multi-disciplinary and thus it will require the PhD candidate to be highly motivated and interested in learning a wide range of scientifically challenging topics including microfluidics, fluid dynamics, soft matter and numerical simulations.
This project is EPSRC and University scholarship funded. Applicants should have an Honours degree with a minimum classification of a 2:1 in Chemical Engineering, Material Science, Bioengineering or Chemistry. EU applicants should hold an IELTS English Score of 6 with no less than 5.5 in any band. Due to funding restrictions, the position is open to UK/EU applicants only.
Informal enquiries including a full CV with academic transcripts should be addressed to Dr Daniele Vigolo (firstname.lastname@example.org).
Kovalchuk, Nowak, Simmons, Langmuir, 32(20):5069-77, 2016;
Buzzaccaro et al., Phys. Rev. Lett., 111, 2013;
Pirbodaghi, Vigolo et al., Lab Chip, 15, 2015.
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