PhD Studentship: Characterisation of short crack growth behaviour in a notch stress field under var

Location
United Kingdom
Posted
May 11, 2017
Closes
May 11, 2018
Organization Type
University and College
Hours
Full Time
PhD Studentship: Characterisation of short crack growth behaviour in a notch stress field under varying block loading cycles in steam turbine blade material Engineering & the Environment

Location: Highfield Campus

Closing Date:  Friday 11 May 2018

Reference: 870117F2

Project Reference: CDT-SIS-308

Confidence in accurate fatigue lifing of turbine blade components in the steam turbine fleet has significant implications for power generating companies. How much the company can safely extend the operating life is a critical input in the planning and commissioning of new power station build and in optimizing the timing of retiring the steam turbine (coal-fired) fleet. The fatigue behavior of these turbine blades is controlled by the initiation and growth of small defects in stress concentration features such as the fir-tree root fixings. Knowing how fast these defects will grow in blades and discs that remain in service under representative service conditions (including overloads) is now a critical requirement. One of the challenges in fatigue lifing these components is the lack of specific fatigue crack growth data obtained from the actual materials (in their current aged state) used in the steam turbine blades and to understand the implications of service relevant overloads on this behaviour. Overload effects have been considered in the critical crack size analysis but not, to date, in the crack propagation phase. A clearer understanding is lacking of the relative/competing effects of limiting the overloads in terms of the benefit to critical crack size evaluations versus the possible reduction in beneficial crack retardation mechanisms at these lower levels of overload.

You will carry out crack growth rate evaluations to establish crack initiation and early stages of growth for semi-elliptical surface breaking cracks in a characteristic notch stress field. This data will be gathered using interrupted tests and replica tracking of the crack evolution in the notch root. The Figure shows a typical surface breaking crack that has initiated from a stringer in a similar tempered martensitic steel. Increased part-loads and the associated stop-start cycles on steam turbines due to the inevitable variable supply of renewables-based power to the grid offer new challenges to fatigue evaluations. We will also explore repair and fatigue mitigation strategies using coatings to repair turbine blade surfaces and evaluate how the coatings affect the initiation and growth of fatigue cracks.

A background in mechanical, materials or aerospace engineering will be advantageous. An enhanced stipend is available to UK eligible candidates.

If you wish to discuss any details of the project informally, please contact Philippa Reed, Engineering Materials research group, Email: pasr1@soton.ac.uk, Tel: +44 (0) 2380 59 8410.

This project is being run in participation with the EPSRC Centre for Doctoral Training in Sustainable Infrastructure Systems (View Website). For details of our 4 Year PhD programme and further projects, please see http://www.cdt-sis.soton.ac.uk/